Studi Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Penyebaran Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru pada Warga Binaan di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kelas IIA Jember

  • Hendra Kurniawan Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Luh Titi Handayani Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Frisca Florensia Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Indah Sukma Wahyuni Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Rini Tri Astutik Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
Keywords: lung tuberculosis, prison, prisoners


The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the single agent causing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), infects 1.8 billion people, or around one-quarter of the world's total population. In Indonesia, there are an estimated 969,000 cases of pulmonary TB, including 443,235 reported cases. Prison is a high transmission site for pulmonary TB. Prison circumstances, such as high occupancy capacity, inadequate ventilation and nutrition, difficulties accessing health care, inadequate treatment, and weak patient immunity, are some of the variables influencing this. Knowledge on the origins, transmission, preventative strategies, and early diagnosis of pulmonary TB infection is essential for the prisoner in order to change attitudes toward pulmonary TB infection. This study used a descriptive approach to generate a description of the prevalence and risk factors for the spread of pulmonary tuberculosis in the Prison of Jember Class IIA. Based on the WHO-recommended screening technique, 4 male prisoners in the Prison of Jember Class IIA (8.5%) tested positive for pulmonary tuberculosis. There are various aspects that are difficult to include into environmental health standards, particularly infectious diseases like pulmonary tuberculosis, such as the density of people in a single cell room and the construction of the building and the services housed inside it. Policymakers must pay attention to the requirement to create appropriate isolation rooms and, at the very least, satisfy room standards for patients suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis.


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How to Cite
Kurniawan, H., Handayani, L. T., Frisca Florensia, Indah Sukma Wahyuni, & Rini Tri Astutik. (2023). Studi Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Penyebaran Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru pada Warga Binaan di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kelas IIA Jember. PROFESSIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL, 5(2), 462-466.